Ziad Jarrah

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Ziad Jarrah
Ziad Jarrah 2.jpg
Full Name: Ziad Samir Jarrah
Alias: Ziad Jarrah
Origin: Beirut, Lebanon
Occupation: al-Qaeda member
Pilot
Aerospace engineering student
9/11 Planner
Skills: Flying airplanes
Hijacking airplanes
Planning the September 11 attacks
Hobby: Clubbing
Committing acts of terrorism
Goals: Crash United Airlines Flight 93 into the United States Capitol (failed)
Crimes: Murder
Aircraft hijacking
Destruction of property
Attempted destruction of government property
Terrorism
Type of Villain: Terrorist


Ziad Jarrah (May 11th, 1975 - September 11th, 2001) was a Lebanese member of Al-Qaeda and one of the perpetrators of the September 11 attacks who served as the hijacker-pilot of United Airlines Flight 93, crashing the plane into a field in a rural area near Shanksville, Pennsylvania (after a passenger revolt) as part of the coordinated attacks.

After a wealthy and secular upbringing, Jarrah moved to Germany in 1996. He became involved in the planning of the September 11 attacks while attending Technical University of Hamburg (TUHH) in the late 1990s, meeting Mohamed Atta, Marwan al-Shehhi and Ramzi , forming in 1998 what is now known as the Hamburg cell. Jarrah was recruited by Osama bin Laden for the attacks in 1999. Unique among the hijackers, he was close to his family and girlfriend.

Jarrah arrived in the United States in June 2000, he trained at Florida Flight Training Center from June 2000 to January 2001, after relocating to Florida from New Jersey.

On September 7th, 2001; Jarrah flew from Fort Lauderdale to Newark. On September 11th, Jarrah boarded United 93, and he is believed to have taken over as the pilot of the aircraft along with his team of hijackers, which included Saeed al-Ghamdi, Ahmed al-Nami and Ahmed al-Haznawi who together made an unsuccessful attempt to crash the plane into the U.S. Capitol, since the passengers started a revolt against the hijackers.

September 11th, 2001

On the morning of September 11th, 2001; Jarrah, Saeed al-Ghamdi, Ahmed al-Nami, and Ahmed al-Haznawi boarded United Airlines Flight 93 in Newark International Airport at gate A-17 without incident, and sat in a first-class seat near the cockpit. Due to the flight's delay, the plane didn't take off until 8:41 AM, five minutes before American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the World Trade Center. The pilot and crew were notified of the first two hijackings that day, and were told to be on the alert. Within minutes, around 9:28 AM, Flight 93 was hijacked as well.

Jarrah appeared to have hesitated to initiate the hijacking plan on Flight 93, perhaps seems to be having second thoughts about going through with it. This may be due to the fact that he had a girlfriend and was not very into Islamic extremism, unlike his accomplices.

The 9/11 Commission stated that Jarrah was the pilot. The flight transcript might indicate that Saeed al-Ghamdi, who also trained in flight simulators, could have been the hijacker co-pilot.

The pilot's voice was heard by air traffic control telling passengers to remain seated. At 9:39 a.m., the pilot announced, "This is the captain. Would like you all to remain seated. There is a bomb on board and are going back to the airport, and to have our demands [inaudible]. Please remain quiet." over the radio.

At least two of the cellphone calls made by passengers indicate that all the hijackers they saw were wearing red bandannas, and indicated that one of the men, Ahmed al-Nami, had a box tied around his torso, and claimed there was a bomb inside. Passengers on the plane learned the fates of the other hijacked planes through telephone calls; some decided to act, fearing their plane, too, would be used as a missile. A passenger uprising foiled the terrorists' plans, but failed to save the plane. According to the August 8, 2003, analysis of the plane's cockpit recording by the United States investigators, a group of passengers tried to break into the cockpit. To knock them off balance, the pilot rolled the plane to the left and right. When this failed, he then pitched the nose forward and back. The passengers persisted, using a service trolley as a battering ram to break through the cockpit door. Finally, the pilot was told by a fellow hijacker to crash rather than cede control of the plane. Nevertheless, the passengers continued their assault and at 10:02:17, a male passenger said, "Turn it up!" A second later, a hijacker said, "Pull it down! Pull it down!" At 10:02:33, another hijacker (or possibly the same) was heard to plead, "Hey! Hey! Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me. Give it to me."  United 93 plummeted into a nosedive with the yoke turned hard to the right. The airplane rolled upside down and crashed, at 580 miles per hour (933 km/h), into a reclaimed strip mine at the edge of the woods near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, at 10:03:11, 125 miles (200 km) from Washington, D.C. All aboard died.

After September 11th, Jarrah's girlfriend, Şengün, filed a missing person report in Bochum. Jarrah became a suspect as FBI agents found a "Ziad Jarrahi" in the flight manifest (the additional information at the end a possible misspelling).

In popular culture

He is portrayed by British actor Khalid Abdalla in United 93 and by Iranian actor Dominic Rains in Flight 93. He is also portrayed by French actor Karim Saleh in the film The Hamburg Cell.