The Sinking of the RMS Titanic occurred on the night of April 14th through to the morning of April 15th, 1912 in the north Atlantic Ocean, four days into her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. The largest passenger liner in service at the time, Titanic had an estimated 2,208 people on board when she struck an iceberg at 23:40 (ship's time At the time of the collision, Titanics clocks were set to 122 minutes ahead of Eastern Time Zone and 178 minutes behind Greenwich Mean Time.) on Sunday, April 14th, 1912. Her sinking 160 minutes later at 02:20 (05:18 GMT) on Monday, April 15th resulted in the deaths of 1,496 people, which made it one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
Titanic received six warnings of sea ice on April 14th but was travelling near her maximum speed when her crew sighted the iceberg. Unable to turn quickly enough, the ship suffered a glancing blow that buckled her starboard (right) side and opened five of her sixteen compartments to the sea. Titanic had been designed to stay afloat with four of her forward compartments flooded but not more, and the crew soon realized that the ship would sink. They used rocket flares and radio (wireless) messages to attract help as the passengers were put into lifeboats. However, in accordance with existing maritime practice, the ship was carrying far too few lifeboats for everyone (though slightly more than the law required), and many boats were not filled to their capacity due to a poorly managed evacuation.
The ship sank with over a thousand passengers and crew members still on board. Almost all those who jumped or fell into the water died from hypothermia within minutes. RMS Carpathia arrived on the scene about an hour and a half after the sinking and had rescued the last of the survivors in the lifeboats by 09:15 on April 15th, little more than 24 hours after Titanics crew had received their first warnings of drifting ice. The disaster caused widespread public outrage over the lack of lifeboats, lax shipping regulations, and the unequal treatment of the different passenger classes aboard the ship. Inquiries set up in the wake of the disaster recommended sweeping changes to maritime regulations. This led to the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which still governs maritime safety today.
Villains from the disaster
- Many of the Third Class Stewards, for preventing the Italian waiters or the steerage passengers from getting to the lifeboats
- Quartermaster Robert Hichens, for not returning to help the people in the water and for attempted murder.
- An unnamed stoker who was knocked unconscious and left to die after attempting to steal another man's lifejacket.
- Passenger Lucy Duff-Gordon, for convincing the crew of lifeboat 1 not to help those stranded in the water.
- Second officer Charles Lightoller, for not allowing men to board lifeboats unless they were needed as auxiliary seamen and for war crimes.
- Captain Stanley Lord of the RMS Californian, for refusing to allow the crew of his ship to help the Titanic and ordering the Californian to turn round rather than help the Titanic.
- Several lifeboat crew members, for refusing to help the people in the water, and for setting off with the lifeboats half-full and leaving passengers who could have gotten in to die rather than risk becoming overloaded.
- Fireman William Mintram, for the murder of his wife and the attempted murder of George Barton.
- Coincidentally Kim Il-sung was born on the same date the ship sank.