Sturmabteilung

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Evil Organization
Het-embleem-van-de-Sturmabteilung.jpeg.jpg
Full Name: Sturmabteilung
Alias: SA
Brownshirts
Origin: Weimar Republic
Foundation: 1920
Headquarters: Munich, Germany
Commanders: Ernst Röhm
Viktor Lutze
Wilhelm Schepmann
Agents: Hermann Göring
Friedrich Alpers
Paul Blobel
Oskar Dirlewanger
Gottlob Berger
Rudolf Lange
Paul Ogorzow
Albert Forster
Goals: Enforce the rule of Adolf Hitler (successful until 1945)
Crimes: War crimes
Crimes against humanity
Genocide
Mass murder
Terrorism
Arson
Destruction of property
Xenophobia
Type of Villain: Nazi Military Force


If the enemies of the SA are hoping that the SA will not return from leave, we are ready to let them enjoy the hope for a short time. The SA is, and remains, Germany's destiny.
~ Ernst Röhm
The Sturmabteilung also known as the SA functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties (esp. the Rotfrontkämpferbund) and intimidating Jewish citizens (e.g. the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses).

The SA was the first Nazi paramilitary group to develop pseudo-military titles for bestowal upon its members. The SA ranks were adopted by several other Nazi Party groups, chief amongst them the SS, itself originally a branch of the SA. SA men were often called "brownshirts" for the colour of their uniforms (similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts). Brown-coloured shirts were chosen as the SA uniform because a large batch of them were cheaply available after World War I, having originally been ordered during the war for colonial troops posted to Germany's former African colonies.

The SA became disempowered after Adolf Hitler ordered the "Blood purge" of 1934. This event became known as the Night of the Long Knives. The SA was effectively superseded by the Schutzstaffel, although it was not formally dissolved and banned until after the Third Reich's downfall at the end of World War II; they notably were the main perpetrators of the Kristallnacht pogrom that effectively began the Holocaust in 1938.

The SA was banned by the Allied Control Council shortly after Germany's capitulation. In 1946, the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg formally judged the SA to be a criminal organization. Several of its members were tried and hanged for war crimes at Nuremberg.

Leaders

In September 1930, to quell the Stennes Revolt and to try to ensure the personal loyalty of the SA to himself, Hitler assumed command of the entire organization and remained Oberster SA-Führer for the remainder of the group's existence to 1945. The day-to-day running of the SA was conducted by the Stabschef-SA (SA Chief of Staff). After Hitler's assumption of the supreme command of the SA, it was the Stabschef-SA who was generally accepted as the Commander of the SA, acting in Hitler's name. The following personnel held the position of Stabschef-SA: