Ramzi Yousef (April 27th, 1968 - ) was one of the main perpetrators of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and a co-conspirator of the Bojinka plot. He hoped to kill 250,000 people by toppling the towers into each other, but only killed 6 people, an unborn baby and wounded over a thousand people.
The name "Ramzi Yousef" is an alias. The 9/11 Commission later revealed that Yousef's real name is Abdul Basit Mahmoud Abdul Karim. He was born in either Iraq, in Kuwait to parents who were both from Pakistan. His father is Mohammed Abdul Karim from Balochistan, Pakistan. His mother is believed to be the sister of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, a senior member of Al-Qaeda and the alleged mastermind of the September 11 attacks.
When his family returned to Pakistan in the mid-1980s, Yousef was sent to the United Kingdom for education. In 1986, he enrolled at Swansea Institute in Wales, where he studied electrical engineering, graduating four years later. He also studied at the Oxford College of Further Education to improve his English.
Yousef left the United Kingdom after completing his studies and returned to Pakistan. He began to learn bomb making in a terrorist training camp in Peshawar, before traveling to the United States in 1992.
The World Trade Center bombing was a terrorist attack that occurred on 26 February 1993, when a car bomb was detonated below Tower One of the World Trade Center in New York City, New York. The 1,500 lb (680 kg) urea nitrate-hydrogen gas enhanced device was intended to knock the North Tower (Tower 1) into the South Tower (Tower 2), to bring both towers down and kill thousands of people. It failed to do so, but killed six civilians and injured 1,042, including 919 civilians (including an EMS worker), 88 firefighters, and 35 police officers
He was tried in New York City in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and along with two co-conspirators was convicted of planning the Bojinka plot. Yousef stated: "Yes, I am a terrorist, and proud of it as long as it is against the U.S. government and against Israel, because you are more than terrorists; you are the one who invented terrorism and using it every day. You are butchers, liars and hypocrites." He was sentenced to two life sentences for his part in the World Trade Center bombing and Bojinka plot.
In 2005, the ADX Florence (where he is housed today) stated that Yousef had given up Islam and converted to Christianity, though many doubt his sincerity.