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|“||All empires are created of blood and fire.||„|
|~ Pablo Escobar.|
Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (December 1st, 1949 - December 2nd, 1993) was a Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist. His cartel supplied an estimated 80% of the cocaine smuggled into the United States at the height of his career, turning over US$21.9 billion a year in personal income. He was often called "The King of Cocaine" and was the wealthiest criminal in history, with an estimated known net worth of between US$25 and US$30 billion by the early 1990s (equivalent to between about $48.5 and $58 billion as of 2018), making him one of the richest men in the world in his prime. He and his cartel killed in totally 4000 people, but it's believe that he killed more people, as many as 100,000 people.
Escobar was born in Rionegro, Colombia, and grew up in nearby Medellín, studying briefly at Universidad Autónoma Latinoamericana of Medellin but left without a degree. He began to engage in criminal activity involving the sale of contraband cigarettes and fake lottery tickets, and also participated in motor vehicle theft. In the 1970s, he began to work for various contraband smugglers, often kidnapping and holding people for ransom before beginning to distribute powder cocaine himself, as well as establishing the first smuggling routes into the United States in 1975. His infiltration to the illegal drug trade in the U.S. expanded exponentially due to the rising demand for cocaine; and, by the 1980s, it was estimated that 70 to 80 tons of cocaine were being shipped from Colombia to the U.S. monthly. His drug network was commonly known as the Medellín Cartel, which often competed with rival cartels domestically and abroad, resulting in massacres and the murders of police officers, judges, locals, and prominent politicians.
In 1982 parliamentary election, Escobar was elected as an alternate member of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia as part of the Liberal Alternative movement. Through this, he was responsible for the construction of houses and football fields in western Colombia, which gained him popularity among the locals of the towns that he frequented. However, Colombia became the "murder capital of the world", and Escobar was vilified by the Colombian and American governments. In 1993, Escobar was shot and killed in his hometown by the Colombian National Police, Search Bloc, a day after his 44th birthday.
Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria was born on December 1st, 1949 in Rionegro, Colombia to a poor family; the third child of Abel de Jesus Escobar Echeverri and Hermilda de Los Dolores Gaviria Berrio. His father was a farmer while his mother was a teacher at an elementary school located in the region he grew up.
Pablo Escobar has been perceived by people from around the world as one of the most, impeccable and ambitious drug traffickers on the planet. He has been mentioned frequently in several songs by American rappers and groups, mainly in songs by New York rapper Nas, who named his alter ego "Nas Escobar" after Pablo Escobar. He first introduced the appellation in 1995 on Mobb Deep's "Eye For An Eye".
Other rappers and hip hop groups that mentioned Escobar's name in their songs include Wu-Tang Clan, Kanye West, Jay-Z, Rick Ross, and Lil Wayne. In 2001, American director Ted Demme released his film Blow about American drug trafficker George Jung, in which Escobar was interpreted by New Zealand actor Cliff Curtis. Escobar appears as the main character in the first two seasons of Netflix's original series Narcos, where he is portrayed by Brazilian actor Wagner Moura.
- Escobar used his vast wealth to pay the staff of his cocaine factories well.
- He had also engaged in philanthropy works, spending millions in the poor areas of Medellin.
- Escobar also helped building many roads, homeless shelters, power lines, etc.