National Policy Institute
The National Policy Institute (NPI) is a white supremacist think tank and lobby group based in Alexandria, Virginia. It lobbies for white supremacists and the Alt-Right. Its president is Richard Spencer.
NPI was founded in 2005 by William Regnery II. Louis R. Andrews was the chairman until 2010. Andrews said that he had voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election because "I want to see the Republican Party destroyed, so it can be reborn as a party representing the interests of white people, and not entrenched corporate elites. When Andrews died in 2011, he was replaced by Richard B. Spencer. According to George Hawley, an assistant professor of Political Science at the University of Alabama, NPI was "rather obscure and marginalized" until Spencer became its president in 2011, at which point Spencer's website, AlternativeRight.com, became an NPI initiative.
The group was based in Augusta, Georgia, at its founding, but by 2013 had relocated to Montana. Spencer divides his time between Montana and Virginia; in 2016, the group was based in Arlington, Virginia. By early 2017, the NPI had leased a townhouse office space on King Street in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia, where it maintains its headquarters today. City leaders in Arlington and Alexandria acknowledged the NPI's right to operate, but denounced the group's views. The group's presence in Alexandria has prompted several protests.
In December 2013, NPI launched a website, Radix Journal, which describes itself as "a periodical on culture, race, meta-politics, critical theory, and society". The NPI received a grant from the Pioneer Fund, a racist pseudo-scientific organization.
Spencer was the headline speaker at a 2016 NPI conference held in Washington, D.C., and celebrated the election of Donald Trump as "the first step towards identity politics in the United States" and "the victory of will" (a reference to Triumph of the Will, the Nazi Party propaganda film). Spencer "railed against Jews and, with a smile, quoted Nazi propaganda in the original German". Spencer finished his speech by yelling "Hail Trump! Hail our people! Hail victory!" as audience members responded by standing up and making the Nazi salute. The United States Holocaust Museum issued a statement condemning the "hateful rhetoric" of the conference. Other speakers included Scotland-based YouTuber Millennial Woes.
In July, 2017, Evan McLaren became executive director. He resigned in April, 2018. As of January 2020, he has not been replaced