Luis Echeverría Álvarez is a Mexican politician and lawyer, member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and president of Mexico from 1970 to 1976.
He was born in 1922 in Mexico City and in 1946 he joined the PRI, where he worked for the party's president, as secretary to General Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada.
In 1958 he was appointed Undersecretary of the Interior. In 1964 he was appointed Secretary of the Interior by President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz. At this time the tragic Tlatelolco Massacre occurred on October 2, 1968.
In 1969 he was chosen as PRI candidate for the presidential elections, being the winner and assuming the presidency.
During his presidency, a large number of human rights violations were experienced, mainly repressing youth movements and left-wing opponents, being tortured and executed on Echeverría's orders.
During his presidency, things such as the prohibition of rock music, multiple forced disappearances, the use of death squads such as the Halcones, multiple massacres of students, and an economic crisis at the end of his term were highlighted.
He is also the only president of Mexico who has been accused of genocide.