During the Nazi Party invasion of Crete in 1941, around 400 Nazi paratroopers were killed by partisans. As a result, paratrooper commander Kurt Student ordered several reprisals against the populace, the first of which was the Kondomari Massacre. Troops lead by Oberleutnant Horst Trebes marched on the village of Kondomari, where a paratrooper had allegedly been mutilated and killed. The soldiers rounded up an undetermined amount of people, estimated at around 23 - 60, and marched them to the orchard, where they shot them. A day later, another reprisal, the Razing of Kandanos, took place under Student's orders.