|“||So, it's mutiny is it? Alright, we know how to deal with that. If you think there's no discipline in the navy, I'll show you how wrong you are.||„|
|~ Giliarovsky preparing to execute the mutineers.|
Ippolit Giliarovsky (August 18, 1865 - June 27, 1905) was a Russian naval officer who served as second-in-command on the battleship Potemkin. His harsh treatment of the crew led to a mutiny and the deaths of Giliarovsky and several other officers.
An violent and egotistical bully who would regularly beat his subordinates, Giliarovsky was transferred to the Potemkin as second-in-command in October 1904. He arbitrarily decided that he was personally responsible for punishing other sailors. To that end, he routinely searched and spied on the crew. The captain, Evgeny Golikov, was concerned that Giliarovsky was too harsh.
On June 27 1905, the crew refused to eat their beef because it contained maggots. Giliarovsky informed the ship's doctor, who told him and the sailors that the maggots were merely fly eggs and they should eat them for protein. Giliarovsky told the captain that they needed to teach the crew a lesson and demanded that the men eat the maggoty beef. When only 12 came forward, Giliarovsky called the marine guards and the ordinary crewmen scattered. Concluding that this was a mutiny, he ordered that the mutineers be executed and had a tarpaulin be brought to prevent the deck being stained.
Giliarovsky grabbed a gun and ordered the marine guards to fire. He attacked Artillery Quartermaster Grigory Vakulinchuk and non-fatally shot him. Vakulinchuk wrestled the gun away from him before being killed by the marine guards. A non-commissioned officer named Afanasi Matushenko shot at Giliarovsky, scattering the marine guards. Matushenko fired again and shot down Giliarovsky. The wounded officer was then thrown overboard to drown.