|“||The illegal we do immediately. The unconstitutional takes a little longer.||„|
|~ Henry Kissinger|
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born in Furth Germany as Heinz on May 27th, 1923) is an American diplomat and political scientist who served as National Security Adviser under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford (1969 - 1975) and Secretary Of State under Gerald Ford (1973-1977) among other advisory roles, and is the founder and chairman of Kissinger Associates an international consulting firm founded in 1982.
A Jewish refugee who fled Nazi Germany with his family in 1938, he became a National Security Advisor in 1969 and U.S. Secretary of State in 1973. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize under controversial circumstances, with two members of the committee resigning in protest. Kissinger later sought, unsuccessfully, to return the prize after the ceasefire failed.
A practitioner of Realpolitik, Kissinger played a prominent role in United States foreign policy between 1969 and 1977. During this period, he pioneered the policy of détente with the Soviet Union, orchestrated the opening of relations with the People's Republic of China, engaged in what became known as shuttle diplomacy in the Middle East to end the Yom Kippur War, and negotiated the Paris Peace Accords, ending American involvement in the Vietnam War.
Kissinger has also been associated with such controversial policies as U.S. involvement in the 1973 Chilean military coup, a "green light" to Argentina's National Reorganization Process for their Dirty War, and U.S. support for Pakistan during the Bangladesh War despite the genocide being perpetrated by his allies. After leaving the government, he formed Kissinger Associates, an international geopolitical consulting firm. Kissinger has written over one dozen books on diplomatic history and international relations.
Kissinger remains widely regarded as a controversial figure in American politics and has been condemned as an alleged war criminal by journalists, political activists, and human rights lawyers. According to a 2014 survey by Foreign Policy magazine, 32.21% of prominent American international relations scholars considered Kissinger the most effective U.S. Secretary of State since 1965.
Due to his controversial and borderline illegal actions as National Security Adviser and Secretary of State, he is considered by many a war criminal.
This is for overseeing the mass bombings of Cambodia and Laos during the Nixon administration (especially during the Vietnam War) resulting in the deaths of between 50,000 - 150,000 Cambodian men, women, and children rather than the intended targets of North Vietnamese troops and Việt Cộng militias.
These bombings destabilized governments while displaying Kissinger's callous disregard for human life.
Another crime of his was his pivotal involvement in pressuring Nixon to overthrow democratically elected president Salvador Allende of Chile in 1973. He oversaw the overthrow of the government and its replacement with the regime of Augusto Pinochet, a mass-murdering dictator who killed several thousands of his own citizens and interned and tortured thousands more; this was a part of Operation Condor, a multi-year campaign of state terrorism in South America that was backed by the CIA and established a number of right-wing military dictatorships in South America in order to prevent communism from taking hold in South America.
Kissinger was involved in providing arms to the Suharto regime during their invasion of East Timor. He also showed his support for the Yahya Khan regime in Pakistan, ignoring the fact that the Pakistani government was carrying out a genocide in East Pakistan, now Bangladesh.
Kissinger also acted as UNITA's lifeline to the U.S. during the early years of the Angolan Civil War. The U.S. was well known for their support of UNITA and their leader, Jonas Savimbi, during the Cold War, as UNITA was the main opposition to the Soviet Union-backed MPLA regime of José Eduardo dos Santos. The U.S. supplied UNITA with aid and weapons; they also supplied weapons to Apartheid South Africa, which was allied with UNITA.
- Henry Kissinger en 1976.jpg