Maria Kisito and Gertrude Mukangango

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Maria Kisito and Gertrude Mukangango
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Fullname: Julienne Mukabutera
Consolata Mukangango
Alias: Maria Kisito
Sister Gertrude
Origin: Rwanda
Occupation: Nuns
Goals: Wipe out the Tutsis
Crimes: War crimes
Type of Villains: Genocidal Nuns
As the refugees refuse to come out, the militia leader, Emmanuel Rekeraho, decides to burn them alive in the garage. "'The nuns are coming to help us. They are bringing gasoline,' I heard [Rekeraho] say. Looking through a hole that the militiamen meanwhile had made in the wall, I indeed saw Sister Gertrude and Sister Kisito. The latter was carrying a petrol can. Shortly upon that, the garage is set on fire.
~ A Rwandan genocide survivor testifying against Kisito

Sister Gertrude Mukangango (real name Consolata Mukangango, born August 15, 1958) and Sister Maria Kisito (real name Julienne Mukabutera, born June 22, 1964) are Benedictine nuns who were participants in the Rwandan Genocide.

Murder of 7600 Tutsis

During the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, Kisito and Mukangango were at Sovu convent in Butare. Mukangango, the Mother Superior of the convent, received thousands of Tutsi refugees fleeing the genocide. She gave orders for them to be transferred to the nearby healthcare centre to prevent the convent from being destroyed by the militia. She also refused to provide the refugees with food, even though there was enough in stock.

Mukangango was informed by the local Interahamwe leader, Emmanuel Rekeraho, that he planned to attack the healthcare centre and kill the Tutsis hiding there. During the massacre, 500 to 700 Tutsis hid in the garage. Not being able to get in, the militia decided to burn them alive. Kisito came over with two jerry cans of petrol and poured them over the garage. The two nuns then used palm leaves to fan the flames. Kisito was able to use a list of people who hid in the healthcare centre that they all died.

Three days later, Mukangango decided to get rid of the rest of the remaining Tutsis and gave them up to the Interahamwe. About 600 people were killed. Thirty Tutsis were left, so Mukangango used her position as Mother Superior to force the other nuns to give them up and they were killed as well.

"Butare Four"

Having been transferred to Belgium, Kisito and Mukangango were indicted for their crimes as part of the "Butare Four", alongside Alphonse Higaniro and Vincent Ntezimana. On 8 June 2001, Kisito was sentenced to twelve years in prison. Mukangango was sentenced to fifteen. Kisito was released in June 2007.