|“||The problems of science do not present themselves in the same way to all men. The Negro or the Jew will view the same world in a different light from the German investigator.||„|
|~ Bernhard Rust|
Bernhard Rust (September 30th, 1883 – May 8th, 1945) was a German politician and Minister of Science, Education and National Culture in Nazi Party. He was instrumental in purging German universities of Jews, and as such is considered to be a key The Holocaust perpetrator.
Rust joined the Nazi Party in 1922, and eventually became the Gauleiter of Southern Hanover–Brunswick. When Adolf Hitler became Chancellor in 1933, Rust was appointed as the Reich Minister for Cultural Affairs. On 1 May 1934, he was selected as Minister of Science, Education and National Culture, and set about to reshape the German educational system to conform to his ideals of National Socialism. Considered by many to be mentally unstable, Rust would capriciously create new regulations and then repeal them just as quickly. One noted example was in 1935, when he changed the traditional six-day school week to five days, with Saturday to be "Reich's Youth Day" when children in the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls would be out of school for study and testing. He then ordered the creation of a "rolling week", with six days for study, followed by the "youth day" and a rest day, in 8-day periods. Thus, a rolling week starting on Monday would end with rest on the following Monday; the next rolling week would start on Tuesday and end 8 days later on the next Tuesday. When the 8-day week proved unworkable, Rust went back to the former system.
It was Rust who, in 1933, issued a rule that students and teachers should greet each other with the Nazi salute "as a symbol of the new Germany". He added his opinion that it was "expected of every German" regardless of membership in the party. Rust was instrumental in purging German universities of Jews and others regarded as enemies of the State, most notably at the University of Göttingen. Nazi Germany's future leaders received their instruction elsewhere, in an NPEA or "Napola", of which there were 30 in the nation, where they would receive training to become administrators of conquered provinces.
He bluntly informed teachers that their aim was to educate ethnically aware Germans. Rust also believed that non-Aryan science (such as Albert Einstein's "Jewish physics") was flawed, as the problems of science presented themselves differently to them due to their lower racial IQs.
Rust committed suicide on May 8th, 1945 after hearing of Germany's surrender the previous day.