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- March 25 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is assassinated by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid.
- April 13 - Beginning of the Lebanese Civil War.
- April 13 - François Tombalbaye is overthrown as President of Chad.
- April 17 - The Cambodian Civil War ends when Lon Nol is deposed by the Khmer Rouge. Pol Pot renames the country Democratic Kampuchea and becomes the de facto leader of the country. Beginning of the Cambodian Genocide.
- April 30 - End of the Vietnam War. Vietnam is re-unified under the banner of communism.
- May 1 - Beginning of the Third Indochina War.
- June 30 - Paul Biya is named the first Prime Minister of Cameroon.
- July - Augusto Pinochet lauches Operation Colombo.
- July 5 - Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, establishes the National Revolutionary Movement for Development to serve as the governing political party of Rwanda.
- July 29 - Yakubu Gowon is overthrown as dictator of Nigeria in a military coup.
- September 5 - Lynette Fromme attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford in Sacramento, California.
- October 23 - The Battle of the Hotels begins in Beirut, Lebanon.
- November 11 - Beginning of the Angolan Civil War.
- November 29 - A bomb detonates in the restroom at Dublin Airport, killing an Aer Lingus employee and injuring 11 at a bar nearby. The Ulster Defence Association claims responsibility.
- December 2 - The Laotian Civil War ends when the Lao Royal Family is deposed by the Pathet Lao. The country is reorganized into the Lao People's Democratic Republic .
- December 7 - Suharto invades and occupies East Timor, and also launches a campaign of genocide against East Timor.
- December 12 - The Balcombe Street Gang, a Provisional IRA unit responsible for several bombings in Great Britain, surrenders to the police, ending their campaign.
- December 29 - The 1975 LaGuardia Airport bombing occurs when a bomb detonates near the TWA baggage reclaim terminal at LaGuardia Airport, New York City, killing 11 people and seriously injuring 74 others. The perpetrators were never identified, although investigators and historians believe that Croatian nationalists were the most likely.
- Unknown - RENAMO is founded.
- January 14 - Ricardo Lopez
- February 22 - Stephen Port
- April 4 - Mateus da Costa Meira
- April 19 - Miska Toiviainen
- May 11 - Ziad Jarrah
- May 12 - Lawrence Phillips
- May 16 - Khalid al-Mihdhar
- July 15 - Said Bahaji
- July 18 - Alexis Flores
- August 6 - Curtis Ray Watson
- October 28 - Melinda Loveless
- November 30 - Mindy McCready
- January 1 - Tammy Homolka
- Unknown - Fan Man-yee
- January 17 - Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
- February 25 - Elijah Muhammed
- February 25 - Heung Chin
- March 30 - Charles Schmid
- April 5 - Chiang Kai-shek
- April 13 - François Tombalbaye
- June 18 - Faisal bin Musaid
- November 20 - Francisco Franco
- November 30 - Harry J. Anslinger
- December 8 - Plínio Salgado
- March 25 - Faisal bin Abdulaziz al Saud
- October 25 - Vladimir Herzog
- October 30 - Martha Moxley
- November 29 - John Hayes