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- January 27 - Auschwitz Birkenau concentration camp is liberated by the Soviet Union.
- February 13 to 15 - The Bombing of Dresden takes place.
- March 3 - The Manila Massacre takes place.
- April 29 - Dachau concentration camp is liberated by the American army. The Dachau Massacre subsequently occurs.
- April 30 - Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva Braun commit suicide inside the Führerbunker in Berlin. In his last will and testament, he names Karl Dönitz President of Germany and Joseph Goebbels Chancellor of Germany.
- May 1 - Joseph Goebbels and his wife Magda commit suicide after poisoning their children with cyanide.
- May 2 - Karl Dönitz establishes the Flensburg Government after being appointed President of Germany.
- May 3 - The Italian Social Republic surrenders its last remaining territories. End of the Allies' offensive in Italy.
- May 7 - Nazi Germany surrenders, ending World War II in Europe.
- May 7 - The Arrow Cross Party surrenders.
- May 9 - Ante Pavelić orders the Ustaše to stand down. The League of Communists of Yugoslavia declares Yugoslavia to be liberated.
- June 13 - The Taisei Yokusankai dissolves.
- August 6 - The first atomic bomb to be used in warfare, called "Little Boy", is detonated over Hiroshima in an attempt to coerce Imperial Japan into accepting the Potsdam Declaration.
- August 9 - The atomic bomb "Fat Man" is detonated over Nagasaki. The Soviet Union subsequently launches an invasion of Japanese territory, terminating the Japanese control of Manchukuo, Mengjiang (Inner Mongolia), northern Korea (North Korea), Karafuto, and the Chishima Islands (Kuril Islands).
- August 10 - The Chinese Civil War resumes between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China.
- August 16 - The Second Philippine Republic and the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China both collapse.
- September 2 - Imperial Japan accepts the Potsdam Declaration, ending World War II outside of Europe. The Axis Powers are officially dissolved.
- September 2 - Hồ Chí Minh declares Vietnam to be independent from France. Emperor Bảo Đại is subsequently forced to abdicate.
- October 11 - Francisco Franco orders all Spanish forces to withdraw from the Tangier International Zone.
- November 1 - The Night of the Trains: Irgun and Lehi conduct a joint sabotage operation to sabotage British railways all across Mandatory Palestine.
- November 20 - The Nuremberg trials begin: trials against 22 Nazis for war crimes of World War II start at the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg.
- November 29 - Josip Broz Tito declares the formation of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- January 2 - Slobodan Praljak
- January 4 - Giuseppe Piromalli
- March 9 - Dennis Rader
- March 13 - Christopher Wilder
- March 28 - Rodrigo Duterte
- June 6 - Arthur Shawcross
- June 19 - Radovan Karadžić & Aung San Suu Kyi
- June 26 - Dwight York
- August 11 - Prawit Wongsuwan
- September 30 - Ehud Olmert
- October 13 - Desi Bouterse
- October 27 - Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
- October 29 - Leonard Lake
- November 8 - Joseph James DeAngelo
- November 9 - Richard Goldberg
- November 22 - Robert Ben Rhoades
- December 2 - Charles "Tex" Watson
- January 15 - William R. Higgins
- November 16 - David Gunn
- February 3 - Roland Freisler
- February 10 - Ernst-Heinrich Schmauser
- February 23 - Rudolf Lange (presumed)
- March 22 - Eliyahu Bet-Zuri
- April 15 - Joachim Albrecht Eggeling
- April 20 - Herbert Lange
- April 24 - Ernst-Robert Grawitz
- April 26 - Sigmund Rascher
- April 28 - Hermann Fegelein and Benito Mussolini
- April 29 - Achille Starace
- April 30 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun
- May 1 - Joseph Goebbels
- May 2 - Martin Bormann, Ludwig Stumpfegger, Walther Hewel, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Peter Högl and Eduard Weiter
- May 8 - Bernhard Rust, Josef Terboven and Wilhelm Rediess
- May 10 - Richard Glücks
- May 14 - Wilhelm Werner
- May 18 - William Joseph Simmons
- May 19 - Philipp Bouhler
- May 23 - Heinrich Himmler
- May 27 - Rudolf Querner
- May Unknown - Heinrich Müller
- May or June - Margot Dreschel
- June 2 - August Hirt
- June 7 - Oskar Dirlewanger
- August 20 - Genrikh Lyushkov
- September 20 - Eduard Wirths
- October 15 - Pierre Laval
- October 24 - Vidkun Quisling
- October 25 - Robert Ley
- November 30 - Erich Zoddel
- December 1 - Anton Dostler
- December 13 - Josef Kramer, Juana Bormann, Irma Grese and Fritz Klein
- December 19 - John Amery
- December 29 - Augusta Gein
- January 6 - Edith Frank
- February or March - Anne and Margot Frank
- April 9 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer
- May 1 - Helga, Hilde, Helmut, Holdine, Hedda, and Heide Goebbels
- August 11 - Róża Berger
- November 2 - Thora Chamberlin (disappeared, believed dead)