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- January 29 - The Koniuchy massacre takes place.
- February 23 - The Communist Party of the Soviet Union orders the deportation of the whole of the Vainakh (Chechen and Ingush) populations of the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
- March 12 to 23 - Adolf Hitler orders Operation Margarethe: an occupation of Hungary by the German Army. Döme Sztójay is installed as the new Hungarian prime minister.
- March 24 - The Ardeatine massacre takes place.
- July 2 - The Belarusian Central Council is dissolved after Belarus is liberated by the Soviet Union.
- July 20 - Adolf Hitler survives a failed attempt to assassinate him. The Gestapo subsequently arrest over 7,000 people accused of being involved in the plot; nearly 5,000 are executed.
- July 22 - Hideki Tojo is forced to resign as Prime Minister of Japan. Kuniaki Koiso is appointed as his successor.
- August 23 - Ion Antonescu is overthrown as dictator of Romania in a coup lead by the exiled former King of Romania, Michael I.
- August 25 - Paris is declared liberated from Nazi control, ending the Vichy France regime.
- October 12 - The Hellenic State collapses when Greece is liberated from Axis occupation.
- October 15 - The Arrow Cross Party takes power in Hungary following the Nazi-supported Operation Panzerfaust.
- December 3 - Beginning of the Greek Civil War.
- January 1 - Omar al-Bashir
- January 26 - Jerry Sandusky
- March 15 - Richard Allen Minsky
- March 19 - Sirhan B. Sirhan
- April 4 - Faisal bin Musaid
- April 6 - Charles Sobhraj
- April 18 - Robert Hanssen
- July 1 - Vladislav Shved
- July 17 - Tharcisse Renzaho
- July 21 - Friedrich Leibacher
- August 2 - Tony Costa
- September 15 - Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
- December 6 - Jonathan King
- August 20 - Rajiv Gandhi
- November 1 - Rafic Hariri
- April 8 - Bruno Lüdke
- April 10 - Constance Kent
- August 28 - Bronislav Kaminski & Chaim Rumkowski
- September 3 - Friedrich Alpers
- September 22 - Pietro Caruso
- November 10 - Wang Jingwei