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- January 30 - Karl Dönitz is appointed Supreme Commander of the German Navy, replacing Erich Raeder.
- March 1 - The Nazi Party establishes the Belarusian Central Council to govern occupied Belarus.
- March 20 - Mao Zedong is named Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
- April 14 - SMERSH is founded.
- May 30 - Josef Mengele is assigned to Auschwitz Birkenau concentration camp.
- July 25 - Benito Mussolini is removed from power by the Grand Council of Fascism. The National Fascist Party is subsequently disbanded.
- September 12 - Benito Mussolini is rescued from imprisonment by the Nazi Party.
- September 23 - Benito Mussolini declares the formation of the Italian Social Republic, based in Salò, Northern Italy.
- October 14 - Imperial Japan establishes the Second Philippine Republic in the Philippines.
- October 19 - Treblinka extermination camp is closed down.
- November 3 to 4 - Operation Harvest Festival, the largest single day massacre of Jews in World War II, takes place when over 43,000 Jews are shot-gunned to death by the Schutzstaffel, the Ordnungspolizei and Ukrainian collaborators in Sonderdienst formations at Majdanek, Trawniki and Poniatowa concentration camps in occupied Poland.
- February 13 - Brandon Astor Jones
- February 15 - Griselda Blanco
- February 22 - Otoya Yamaguchi
- March 12 - Ratko Mladić
- April 4 - Judy Buenoano
- April 6 - Max Clifford
- May 18 - Jimmy Snuka
- June 8 - William Calley
- June 11 - Henry Hill
- August 11 - Pervez Musharraf
- August 23 - Rodney Alcala & Roberto D'Aubuisson
- September 20 - Sani Abacha
- October 21 - Nobukatsu Fujioka
- November 7 - Khalifa Haftar
- November 22 - Gary Heidnik
- December 1 - Van Roosevelt Solomon
- December 23 - Terrance Peder Rasmussen
- December 27 - John Robinson
- Janruary 24 - Sharon Tate
- May 30 - James Chaney
- August 11 - Abigail Folger
- November 23 - Andrew Goodman
- January 26 - Harry Laughlin
- February 26 - Theodor Eicke
- April 18 - Isoroku Yamamoto
- July 5 - Viktoras Jacenevicius
- September 15 - John Schrank