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- January 5 - The German Workers' Party (the precursor of the Nazi Party) is founded by Anton Drexler.
- January 21 - Beginning of the Irish War of Independence.
- February 14 - Beginning of the Polish-Soviet War.
- March 1 - Korea declares independence from Imperial Japan and establishes a government-in-exile, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, with Syngman Rhee as its president.
- March 21 - The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established by Béla Kun.
- April - The League of Communists of Yugoslavia is founded.
- April to June - The 1919 United States anarchist bombings take place.
- April 5 - The Pinsk Massacre takes place.
- April 13 - The Jallianwala Bagh massacre: Reginald Dyer orders troops of the British Indian Army to fire their rifles into a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 379 people and injuring over 1,200 other people.
- May 19 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, marking the start of the Turkish War of Independence.
- June 28 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed, formally ending World War I.
- July 5 - Enver, Djemal, and Talaat Pasha are sentenced to death in absentia by a Turkish court for their roles in organizing the Armenian Genocide.
- August 1 – Béla Kun's Hungarian Soviet Republic collapses.
- August 12 - Federico Tinoco Granados resigns as President of Costa Rica.
- September 30 - The Elaine Massacre takes place when an estimated 100 to 237 Black people and 5 white people are killed in Elaine, Arkansas, by white mobs and vigilante militias assisted by federal troops.
- October 27 - The last murder attributed to the Axeman of New Orleans take place when Mike Pepitone is attacked and killed in his home.
- Unknown - The Sun Yee On triad is founded.
- February 18 - David Berg
- April 8 - Ian Smith
- May 5 - Georgios Papadopoulos
- August 6 - Karl Linnas
- August 25 - George Wallace
- October 6 - Siad Barre
- October 17 - Zhao Ziyang
- November 15 - Salomon Morel
- December 10 - Harrison A. Williams
- December 29 - Samuel Koster & Nachman Dushanski
- April 13 - Madalyn Murray O'Hair
- October 27 - Mike Pepitone