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Events

  • February 14 - Kenneth Parnell abducts 5-year old Timothy White from his home in Ukiah, California.
  • March 1 - Steven Stayner, now 14, takes Timothy White and escapes from captivity, eventually arriving at a police station in Ukiah. Police capture and arrest Kenneth Parnell the following day.
  • March 22 - People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is founded.
  • April 12 - William Tolbert, President of Liberia, is deposed in a military coup lead by Master Sergeant Samuel Doe, who subsequently forms a military junta known as the People's Redemption Council to govern the country.
  • April 18 - Robert Mugabe is named Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.
  • May 17 - In Peru, Shining Path start its armed struggle in Ayacucho. Beginning of the internal conflict in Peru.
  • May 18 to 27 - The Gwangju Uprising takes place in Gwangju, South Korea, in response to protests against the martial law. An estimated 2000 people are killed.
  • June 23 - Italian magistrate Mario Amato is assassinated in Rome by members of Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari.
  • June 28 - Tadmor Prison massacre: Syrian Army soldiers under command of Rifaat al-Assad enter Tadmor Prison in Palmyra, killing close to a thousand inmates. The massacre was a response to a failed assassination attempt on President Hafez al-Assad the day before.
  • July 17 - Luis García Meza seizes control of Bolivia in a violent military coup, known as the Cocaine coup.
  • August 2 - The Bologna Massacre: Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari bombs a railway station in Bologna, Italy, killing 85 people and injuring over 200.
  • September 1 - Chun Doo-hwan is elected President of South Korea.
  • September 12 - Kenan Evren takes in power in Turkey after a coup. He subsequently establishes a military dictatorship.
  • September 20 - Saddam Hussein invades Iran in an attempt to annex Iran's oil-rich Khuzestan Province and the east bank of the Shatt al-Arab, beginning the Iran-Iraq War.
  • October 3 - The 1980 Paris synagogue bombing takes place. Four people are killed and 46 are injured. The Federation of National and European Action claims responsibility.
  • October 6 - Beginning of the Ugandan Bush War.
  • October 23 - Siad Barre restores the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
  • November 14 - Nino Vieira takes power in Guinea-Bissau following a bloodless military coup, and declares himself President of Guinea-Bissau.
  • December 4 - Sultan Ibraimov, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kyrgyz SSR, is assassinated at his home in Cholpon-Ata on Lake Issyk-Kul under mysterious circumstances. It is believed that the KGB were behind the assassination.
  • December 8 - English singer-songwriter and former member of The Beatles John Lennon is assassinated by Mark David Chapman.
  • December 17 - Milton Obote is restored as President of Uganda.

Births

Villain births

Victim births

  • March 4 - Nicole Carol Miller
  • August 4 - Isaiah Shoels

Deaths

Villain deaths

Victim deaths

  • March 24 - Óscar Romero
  • June 23 - Mario Amato
  • August 14 - Dorothy Stratten
  • December 4 - Sultan Ibraimov
  • December 8 - John Lennon